【ニッポンの希少部位 その参】「和室」のディテールを解説!

【ニッポンの希少部位 その参】「和室」のディテールを解説!

A diagram-based explanation, which once learned, you can call yourself an expert.
写真提供:大和ハウス工業/This photo was provided by DAIWA HOUSE INDUSTRY CO.

① 欄間(らんま)
A small door/window located on top of the partition that divides the rooms, room and corridor, or room and balcony. Their functions are ventilation and natural lighting, they also decollate the room by making “RANMA” with nice designs and sculpturing. In the picture, it is made with short wall between “RANMA” and the roof called “NURIKABE”.

② 長押(なげし)
Horizontal wood placed on top of the space between the two pillars. Used to be a fortification of the structure for temples and shrines, but with the progression of construction technologies and construction materials becoming stronger and lighter, it is now placed more as a decollation purpose.

③ 鴨居(かもい)
A building part with a function to fortify the sliding door/partitions such as “SHOJI” and “FUSUMA”. Traditionally, they are made with groove to act as a door rail to be able to use them as a sliding door. It is placed on top to be a counterpart to “SHIKII” which is placed on bottom for same reason.

④ 床の間(とこのま)
A decollation space in the guest room which shows formality (called “HARE”, which is a special status of being formal). They are decollated with seasonal and occasional decollations of flowers and drawings called “KAKEJIKU” (a hanging scroll) to welcome the guest. The seat at the front of the “TOKONOMA” is called “KAMIZA” (a seat of honor), which is a seat where main guest or the main personnel sits. They are used to be a space where statue of Buddha is placed in shrines and temples, but when the construction style was implemented into Samurai’s houses, some styles from tea-room or “SUKIYA” were implemented also. In the picture, it is simpler example of “TOKONOMA” where “CHIGAI-DANA” (a two shelve cabinet with staggered alignment) are omitted.

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